Synonyms: AI,machine intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence shown by machines, as opposed to the all-natural intelligence displayed by animals, including people.
AI research study is the field of intelligent agents, which refers to any system that is aware of its context and makes decisions that maximize its possibility of attaining its objectives.
The term "artificial intelligence" was initially used to refer to machines that mimic "human" cognitive abilities. This meaning has been abandoned by leading AI researchers who currently describe AI regarding rationality and acting logically, which does not limit how intelligence manifests.
AI applications consist of sophisticated internet online search engines, suggestion systems (as utilized by YouTube and Amazon), understanding human speech (such as Siri and Alexa), self-driving cars and trucks (e.g., Tesla), and automated decision-making. As machines increase in capability, jobs that require "intelligence" are increasingly eliminated from the interpretation of AI. The phenomenon is referred to as the AI effect. Optical character recognition (OCR) is no longer considered to be AI because it has become a standard technology.
The discipline of Artificial intelligence was founded in 1956. Over the years, it has experienced several waves of optimism and disappointment, as well as the loss of funding (known as an "AI winter"). AI research has attempted and rejected several techniques, including replicating the brain, modeling human problem solving, formal logic, massive data sources of knowledge, and mimicking animal actions. Mathematical-statistical machine learning has controlled the area in the first years of the 21st century. This method has proven highly effective, helping to address numerous complex problems throughout industry and academia.
General intelligence (the capacity to address an arbitrary issue) is among the area's long-lasting goals. AI additionally draws upon computer system science, psychology, grammar, viewpoint, and several other fields.